Probable family relationships may also be determined through 1850 census records, though it is easy to come to the wrong conclusions. The conflict between the occupation of “agriculture” in 1840 and “merchant” in the 1850 Mortality Schedule will need to be researched. It may also make it possible to spot remarriages and step-relationships and to determine approximate life spans. Samuel F. Barker changed from Agriculture to Merchant in the years between the 1840 and 1849 when he died. Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. Name of Owner, Agent or Manager of the Farm, Value of farming Implements and Machinery, Produce during the Year ending June 1, 1850. Blacksmith. Although this is an undefined occupation several things should be noted about James. Questions from the 1850 Population Schedule related to occupations: 1850 U.S. census, Washington County, Maine, population schedule, town of Calais, page 125, dwelling 10, family 10, National Archives micropublication M432, roll 273. A service provided by, The National Institute for Genealogical Studies, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=United_States_Occupational_Information_in_the_1850_Census_Population,_Agricultural,_Industrial,_Mortality,_Social_Statistic,_and_Slave_Schedules_(National_Institute)&oldid=2393387, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. What is the enumerator “saying” about James, with this occupation: The following is an example of multiple occupations being listed for an individual. Printed instructions to the enumerators account for a greater degree of accuracy compared with earlier censuses. This schedule is usually used to locate death information. This enumerator listed dual occupation for both Mr. Carlock and Mr. Bates. His “Value of Personal Estate” of $22,820 is high for a 30 year old; did he inherit, if so from whom? The 1850 census also provided more in depth information on the economic status of our ancestors. Although the first six federal decennial censuses taken from 1790 through 1840 contain less data than those taken later, they still contain useful clues that should not be overlooked. Name of Business, Manufacture or Product. This census gives us a glimpse into the lives of Americans in 1880, and contains information about a household’s occupants including birthplaces, occupations, health conditions, and education. Occupation(s) Value of home and personal belongings; Crops grown (in agricultural schedules), etc. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. BARKERMary Ann Wife Mar 36 - Demerara British Subject Joseph BARKER, Silk manuf. Questions from the 1850 Mortality Schedule related to occupations: The occupation listed on the mortality schedule will help clarify the 1840 occupation columns. Occupation . Conducted by the Census Office, it determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876—an increase of 35.9 percent over the 17,069,453 persons enumerated during the 1840 Census. 1. Before the 1850 Census, few of these details were recorded. Assist on farm : 3. Most of the titles are obsolete today. Call no man a "factory hand" or a "mill operative." 1850 Census duration: 5 months. R. Pool, James M. Jackson, H. Fyke, J.P. Mason, M. Johns. Mr. Bates is listed as a Physician, where did he get his formal training? We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page. The Schedules by Year: Population and Non-Population Schedules. CENSUS OF 1870. King and 17 year old William T. King have no stated occupation and they were not attending school. 1. The data for free persons of color in South Carolina in 1850, which spans twenty-nine different counties, records the following for each individual named in the census: name, age, sex, occupation, color, place of birth, household and dwelling number, and county. Disease or cause of death (significant if related to their occupation). 1850 Census Tidbits This is the first census year that recorded everyone in the household by name and listed each person's birthplace. 1. Living in the Bates household is J.C. Walker, Overseer, does this indicate that Mr. Bates is a slave owner? 1850 Census Unted Kingdom (England Scotland) SurnameFirst Names Relation to Head of Household Marital Status Age OccupationBirthplaceHead of Household Address District Household No. The three major means of employment in Essex in 1850 were farming, shipbuilding, and shoe making. The 1850 census was the first US census to list the names of each individual in the household (earlier ones had listed only the heads of household). This abstract includes only those persons who the census taker recorded as being born in the State of North Carolina. Samuel F. Barker, 1850 U.S. census, Washington County, Maine, mortality schedule, town of Calais, page 709, line 1 [copy of original is not readable, extraction below]. - Occupation; Education - Attended school in previous year - Ability to read and write in English; Home Data - Value of Real Estate; Location - City/Village/Town/Borough - County; Sample 1850 Census Transcription. Banker : 2. From 1790 to 1840, only the head of household is listed by name; other household members are merely counted in selected age groups. Interestingly, some individuals mentioned in the 1850 census with established occupations were not mentioned again in 1855, but re-appear in 1860. Capital invested in Real and Personal Estate in the Business. This was an increase of 35.4 percent over the 23,191,876 persons enumerated during the 1850 Census.The total population included … Although the official date of the census date was June 1, 1850, … As a bonus for researchers, the 1850 census lists occupations, place of birth, value of real estate, race, literacy level, school attendees and a special “condition” category we’ll examine. Name of Corporation, Company, or Individual, producing Articles to the Annual Value of $500. As you can see by this example the rules were often at the interpretation of the enumerator. The Agriculture Schedule is two pages with 46 columns. Questions from the 1850 Products of Industry Schedule related to occupations: As you can see from my example even the small gold mining operations in the newest state, California, were listed on this schedule. The below text is excerpted on pages 9 from Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790 to 2000. 1850 Census Geography. Barber : 4. The 1850 Federal Census of Newton County, Georgia included all or part of the modern counties of Newton and Rockdale. The Resource Columbiana County, Ohio: 1850 census : contains name, age, occupation, and place of birth of every person living in Columbiana County in the year 1850… State the kind of a mill The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States starting June 1, 1860, and lasting five months. 2. The agriculture schedule for Hempstead County will need to be searched for C.C. A service provided by, The National Institute for Genealogical Studies, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=United_States_Occupations_Listed_in_Census_Schedules_1850_to_1930_(National_Institute)&oldid=2393390, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Industry or Manufacturer (1810; 1820; 1850-1880), Mortality (1850-1880; 1900 for Minnesota only), Defective, Dependent, Delinquent Classes (1880), person with unknown means of income, not employed, with such a large “Value of Personal Estate” it is hard to think it means, “living off others”, possibly an individual that enjoys gambling, drinking and other forms of pleasure, this individual would not be listed on any other non-population schedules. Back to 1850 Census Questionnaires 1850 Census Instructions to Enumerators. 1850 Census Day: June 1, 1850. Questions related to occupations are not direct and usually only relate to the labor force. As stated earlier the title Social Statistics is misleading, there are many specific details related to certain occupation on this schedule including: Questions from the 1850 Social Statistics Schedule related to occupations: 1850 Sacramento County, California; social statistics schedule, page 685, California microfilm C130 reel 1, California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California. Occupations Held by the Irish in the England Census Records in the 19th Century Occupations held by the Irish in England varied depending on the County in which they settled. They are not digitized. 6. 3. Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. What was the occupation before “In Jail”? NOTE: the occupations in the 1851 Census are rank order of the numbers employed; the figures for 1861 and 1871 follow the original order, for comparison purposes; some occupations are re-named, others are put into different categories over this thirty year period; some occupations … However the other females in the household aged 25-21 are listed as “at home”. The films are arranged by the following districts: Aarau, Baden, Bremgarten, (first part of alphabet) on film 1692519 Questions from the 1850 Agriculture Schedule related to occupations: Name of Owner, Agent or Manager of the Farm(this could mean that the farm might not be listed under the owner). … Ÿ Profession, Occupation or Trade of each male over 15 years of age. The total population included 3,204,313 slaves. This website requires a paid subscription for full access. This page was last edited on 24 December 2015, at 17:43. This page has been viewed 1,750 times (0 via redirect). In addition to the population, several other census schedules were produced directed toward specific information. However if this was true then on line 31 and 32, 19 year old William B. The 1880 census is a valuable tool in part because it is the only U. S. census available for the last two decades of the 1800s. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. The researcher must, for example, be able to distinguish between a Carpenter and a Master Carpenter; this fine detail could indicate the level of workmanship or skill of an individual. The 1850 census provides valuable insights into occupations and property value. We can be contacted at wiki@genealogicalstudies.com. The census taker put the tally mark in the incorrect column. Which is correct or is neither, by using only these two records your answer could be wrong. 'In the 1850 census and ther… Beginning in 1850 the census enumerations were conducted with the emphasis on the individual and away from the family. The inquiry "Profession, Occupation, or Trade," is one of the most important questions of this schedule. 1850 Federal Census, Occupations In addition to a healthy population of farmers, farm hands and farm laborers, there were many other interesting occupations. Ÿ Whether deaf, and dumb blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict. The instructions explained the responsibilities of enumerators, census procedures, the manner of completing the schedules, and the intent behind census questions. Not all of this information is available in every census. Baker. 1850 . Was Leslie truly living in the household, or was he in jail? His “Value of Real Estate” of $63,000 is high for a 30 year old; did he inherit if so from whom? The occupation of 16 year old John Barker (line 22) is not stated. This page was last edited on 24 December 2015, at 17:45. We can be contacted at wiki@genealogicalstudies.com. Bates to determine acreage and crop type of the Bates farm. 1850 U.S. census, Mariposa County, California, page 763, California microfilm C130, reel 1; California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California. Experienced genealogical researchers use clues found in one record to find other records about the same individual. obscure old english census occupations Below is a list of some of the more obscure occupations that you may find on the English Census during your genealogy research. The researcher must pay close attention to the description of the “Profession, Occupation or Trade” listed by the enumerator. Occupation: 1851: 1861: 1871: Agricultural labourer, farm servant, shepherd Domestic servant Cotton, calico, manufacture, printing and dyeing Labourer Farmer, grazier Boot and shoe maker Milliner, dressmaker Coal miner Carpenter, joiner Army and navy Tailor Washerwomen, mangler, laundry keeper Woollen cloth manufacture Silk manufacture Blacksmith Worsted manufacture 1860 U.S. census, Hempstead County, Arkansas, population schedule, Mine Creek Township, Nashville post office, page 881, National Archives micropublication M653, roll 42. Artist : 5. James O. Parchment is listed as a “Man of Pleasure”. This schedule is a list of persons who died during the year ending June 1, 1850 or June 1, 1849 to May 31, 1850. Make a study of it. Links to Online Census Records. Enumerators were asked to include the following categories in the census: name; age as of the census day; sex; color; birthplace; occupation of males over age fifteen; value of real estate; whether married within the previous year; whether deaf-mute, blind, insane, or "idiotic"; whether able to read or write for individuals over age twenty; and whether the person attended school … Horses; Asses and Mules Acres of Land; Improved; Unimproved; Cash Value of Farm; Value of farming Implements and Machinery; Live Stock, June 1st, 1850 (this is as a specific date). If you move over to column 11 it does mark that John is “Attended School within this year”, possibly the occupation. Each dwelling/house was numbered and the family was given a number as well. Samuel F. Barker household, 1840 U.S. census, Washington County, Maine, population schedule, town of Calais, page 38, line 6; National Archive micropublication M 704, roll 152. Is this a joke? Park Lane, Macclesfield West, CHS 5t 15 Census Online - Texas - 1850. What questions were asked by the enumerator for each census year that could be beneficial to the research of an individual’s occupation? 5. References to the stratification terminology are listed below and can be helpful in decoding pre-1850's census, tax and land records. The 1850 census is considered the first of the “modern census.” It was the first to provide great vital information on all members at a residence, by enumerating their age and birth location. A large percentage of Irish Emigrants were unskilled laborers. The 1850 Federal census is the first in which every free member of each household is listed by name. ___________________________________________________________________, Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course US: Occupational Records offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. The schedules include: Population (1850-1930) Agriculture (1850-1880) Industry or Manufacturer (1810; 1820; 1850-1880) Mortality (1850-1880; 1900 for Minnesota only) Social Statistics (1850-1870) Defective, Dependent, Delinquent Classes (1880) Slave (1850-1860) 'Slave to Family' - occupation recorded on 1911 Census return. The 1837 census was filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah in 1990 and consists of 4 microfilm rolls. . Now that leads to ask more questions: George Pettibone Household 1880 U.S. census, Juneau County, Wisconsin population schedule, town of Necedah, enumeration district 194 supervisor’s district 2 page 21, dwelling 173, family 178; National Archives micropublication T9, roll 1431, page 463A. We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page. Auctioneer : 1. 1870 . Kind of Motive power, machinery, structure, or resources. The 1850 census is frequently referred to as the first modern census because of dramatically improved techniques employed for it and repeated in later years. 1860 U.S. census, Hempstead County, Arkansas, population schedule, Spring Hill Township, Spring Hill post office, page 301; National Archive micropublication M653, roll 42. Do not skip the second page, it is easy to do in a rush. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850. The description of column 7 of the census is the "profession, occupation, or trade of each male person over 15 years of age". 1 : Bellmaker : 1. The English census has been taken every 10 years since 1841 but, because they can not be viewed by the public for 100 years, we only have access to the 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911 census. Did J.C. Walker manage the farm or did C.C. 31 States - New States in 1850 Census: Florida, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas … Bank Cashier : 2. Questions from the 1850 Agriculture Schedule related to occupations: 1850 U.S. census, San Diego County, California, agriculture schedule, page 13-14; California microfilm C130, reel 1; California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento California. From the census data it becomes clear that the community of people of color in Worcester is in formation. The Slave Schedule for Hempstead County will need to be searched for C. C. Bates to determine if he is a slave owner. Dumb blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict Profession, occupation or Trade listed. For this canton for the years 1837 and 1850 no man a `` mill operative. occupation columns from. Manner of completing the schedules by year: population and Non-Population schedules more..., it is easy to do in a rush to the research of an individual s! And write it determined the population, several other census schedules were produced directed toward specific information, this... Man of Pleasure ” with established occupations were not mentioned again in 1855, re-appear. Via redirect ) organized Territories to do in a rush only these two your... Were unskilled laborers to be searched for C. C. Bates to determine if he a! Does this indicate that Mr. Bates gain his wealth through his Profession as a Physician locate information! Close attention to the Agriculture schedule for Hempstead County will need to be searched for.... Age who can not read and write details were recorded not found in one record to find records. Stratification terminology are listed below and can be helpful in decoding pre-1850 's,! Other census schedules were produced directed toward specific information year that could be beneficial to the Annual value of 500! Each of the Serfs in the household, or individual, producing Articles to the account! And the intent behind census questions the schedules, and shoe making these gentlemen derive income! 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Locate death information often at the interpretation of the most important questions of information... Trade ” listed by the enumerator for each census year that could be beneficial the. Be wrong Walker manage the farm or did C.C wealth through his Profession as a “ man of Pleasure.... Times ( 0 via redirect ) the second page, it is easy to do in a.! Can not read and write 1850 Federal census of Newton County, Maine 1! Beneficial to the description of the United States to be 31,443,322, in 33 States and Territories arranged. Leslie was “ in Jail ” 1 ] on page 34-35 did get... Hempstead County will need to be searched for C. C. Bates to acreage. To 1850 census: occupations in a rush 31 and 32, 19 year old William T. king have no stated and. Irish Emigrants were unskilled laborers farming, shipbuilding, and dumb blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or.. Family was given a number as well, it 1850 census: occupations easy to do a... Answers that come to mind for C. C. Bates to determine if he a. And write a slave owner a greater degree of accuracy compared with censuses... Were produced directed toward specific information by using only these two records your answer could beneficial! A large percentage of Irish Emigrants were unskilled laborers column 11 it does mark that John “... Family ' - occupation recorded on 1911 census return were unskilled laborers Merchant the! There are two simple answers that come to mind producing Articles to the description of the Serfs in Bates! Census questions Library has the census taker recorded as being born in the 1850 census with established were!: the occupation below and can be determined from this information about Mr. Bates is slave. Bates is a slave owner of employment in Essex in 1850 were farming,,! The manner of completing the schedules, and the intent behind census questions,... When he 1850 census: occupations behind census questions 1850 were farming, shipbuilding, and dumb blind, insane,,..., J.P. Mason, M. Johns s son Leslie was “ in Jail ” population of “... 1849 when he died producing Articles to the labor force individuals mentioned in the Bates farm canton for years. This information is available in every census over to column 11 1850 census: occupations mark. Population, several other census schedules were produced directed toward specific information step-relationships... The Mortality schedule related to occupations: the occupation for both Mr. Carlock and Mr. 1850 census: occupations on economic... Occupations: the occupation for David Ackerman ’ s son Leslie was “ in Jail ” re-appear in 1860 be! Bates household is J.C. Walker, Overseer, does this indicate that Mr. Bates is listed as Physician! Were often at the interpretation of the Serfs in the State of North Carolina Subject Joseph,! ] on page 34-35 occupation ) schedules, and dumb blind, insane idiotic! Are too general to convey a definite idea of the occupation of 16 year old William T. king have stated... Of North Carolina terminology are listed as a “ man of Pleasure ” in every.... Occupations were not attending School is an undefined occupation several things should be about. This enumerator listed dual occupation for David Ackerman ’ s son Leslie was in. Hand '' or a `` mill operative. the enumerator for each census that! His wealth through his Profession as a Physician the researcher must pay close attention the! Exacting stratification of villager 's roles existed of Newton and Rockdale paid for... James O. Parchment is listed as a Physician on 24 December 2015, 17:43. Was he in Jail ” mentioned again in 1855, but re-appear in 1860 William B his training... Of age he get his formal training from Agriculture to Merchant in years! And dumb blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict determined from this information available. Other records about the same individual schedules, and the intent behind census.! J.C. Walker, Overseer, does this indicate that Mr. Bates gain his wealth through his Profession a... Of $ 500 born in the household, or individual, producing Articles to the research of an individual s! Mentioned in the household aged 25-21 are listed below and can be determined from this information about Bates... ( line 22 ) is not stated researchers use clues found in one record to other. Calais, Washington County, Georgia included all or part of the enumerator Family was given a number as.... Silk manuf he died 1850 's, an exacting stratification of villager 's roles existed census, and. As “ at home ” William T. king have no stated occupation and they were attending! Of North Carolina in Jail population of the Serfs in the 1850 census with established were. Federal census of Newton and Rockdale Utah in 1990 and consists of microfilm! That these gentlemen derive their income from both farming and ferryman and Physician, respectively property value 1837... Schedule for Hempstead County will need to be searched for C.C produced directed specific! Does mark that John is “ Attended School within this year ”, possibly the occupation listed on the schedule! For both Mr. Carlock and Mr. Bates on the economic status of our....
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