Shah Jahan leading the Mughal Army, in the upper left War elephantsbear emblems of the legendary Zulfiqar. For his majestic achievements in the field of architecture, he is described as Shahjahan, the Magnificent. There were silver steps leading up to a 6 ft by 4 ft platform. Walls began to be decorated with precious and semi-precious stones. Mumtaz bore him 14 children. His Peacock Throne, with its trail blazing in the shifting natural colors of rubies, sapphires, and emeralds, was valued by the jeweller Tavernier at 6.50 million sterling. Sheela Reddy in her Taj Trivia termed Shah Jahan as ‘The Man of Marble’. Jama Masjid in Agra. He is known as Shah Jahân, sometimes spelled Shah Jehan, but his offi… Shah Jahan commissioned many monuments, the best known of which is the Taj Mahal in Agra, which entombs his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. While he joined hands with some of the Rajput kings of Bundelkhand, Baglana and Mewar, he waged war on the others like the Bundela Rajputs. Shah Jahān period architecture, Indian building style that flourished under the patronage of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58), its crowning achievement being the magnificent mausoleum at Agra, the Taj Mahal. During his reign India became the richest center of the arts, crafts and architecture. He sent his sons with large armies to conquer territories on different fronts. He fell ill in 1658, and Dara Shukoh, his eldest son, assumed the role of regent due to Shah Jahan’s inability to manage the court. He was very close to his grandfather and after ascending to the throne he took forward Akbar’s legacy and embarked on several military campaigns to expand his vast empire. Shah Jahan was grief stricken following her death. Jahangir was succeeded by his third son, Prince Khurram who took the title of Shah Jahan. Also, Nur Jahan got her daughter (from first marriage) married to Shahzada Shahryar, Shah Jahan’s younger brother. Legendary gems such as the Timur ruby and the Akbar Shah, the Jahangir as well as the Koh-i-Noor diamond made up the peacock’s composition. According to the official court chronicler Qazwini, the relationship with his other wives "had nothing more than the status of marriage. Shah Jahan, Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan was a capable and skilled ruler, the son of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram (Persian: شهاب‌الدین محمد خرم‎; 5 January 1592 – 22 January 1666), better known by his regnal name, Shah Jahan (Persian: شاه جهان‎, lit. He was Jahangir’s third son. Shah Jahan’s buildings are unmatched in exquisite beauty of form. During his reign the Mughal Empire was a rich center of arts, crafts and architecture. He was born to Emperor Jahangir in 1592 and was named Khurram, meaning joy in Persian language by his grandfather, Akbar, the great Mughal emperor. And captured the last Nizam Sultan Hussain Shah in the fort of Gwalior. Jahangir has often been portrayed in Indian films and television serials, some of them being the 1939 film ‘Pukar’, the 1953 film ‘Anarkali’, and the 1960 film ‘Mughal-e-Azam’. https://www.kisspng.com/png-taj-mahal-shah-jahan-mughal-empire-mughal-emperor-1117979/, http://ww.itimes.com/poll/shah-jahan-547048b3bae41/result, https://kitchensofhistory.wordpress.com/tag/jahanara/, http://www.historydiscussion.net/biography/biography-of-shah-jahan-life-accession-and-monuments/3058, https://www.wonders-of-the-world.net/Taj-Mahal/Shah-Jahan.php. He laid emphasis on uniformity and symmetry. Aurangzeb, the emperor’s third son, overpowered all of his brothers and placed Shah Jahan under house arrest in Agra Fort. Shah Jahan was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India, considered to be one of the greatest of the Mughals. Shah Jahan spent his last eight years gazing out the window at the Taj Mahal, attended by his daughter Jahanara Begum. His reign ushered in the golden age of Mughal architecture. The early name of Mumtaz Mahal was Arjumand Banu Begum. On January 22, 1666, Shah Jahan died at the age of 74. Except few rebellions which he suppressed the first half of Shah Jahan’sreign was a period of almost unbroken success. The emperor’s love for architecture is legendary; some of the nation’s most well-known architectural and artistic accomplishments were undertaken during his reign. Shah Jahan commissioned … 3. This style of decoration is known as Pietra-dura. He was the third son of the Mughal emperor Jahāngīr and the Rajput princess Manmati. His son Aurangzeb also added several territories to the Mughal Empire. The land revenue of the Mughal Empire under Shah Jahan was 20.75 million sterling. Department of Tourism, Government of Uttar Pradesh, India. Shah Jahan is best known for constructing the Taj Mahal which he built in the memory of his wife the empress Mumtaz Mahal who died during childbirth. The tomb of Shahjahan is in the Monument Taj Mahal (Agra, India) itself. 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