Shortly after its entry into service, the Doria was struck by the torpedo of a swordfish in Taranto and immobilized for months. This page lists all of the ship classes used during World War II. After the surrender of Italy to the Allies in September 1943, the Italian Fleet was apportioned between the Allied powers and absorbed into their navies. Battleship Main Guns. Construction restarted, albeit still slowly, and the first was launched in … This was one of the most intriguing naval camo ever designed, and it was used for observation testings. Overview of Italian battleships, interwar to WW2. The heavy guns however had been manufactured, and were diverted onto the monitor Faà di Bruno, Alfredo Cappellini, the two Monte Santo, four Monte Grappa-class monitors also used them and the remainder were installed on railway mounts, as Cannone da 381/40 AVS, or in coast-defense positions. These were the same guns, but with an improved reloading system to provide up to 2 rpm and a muzzle velocity of 830 m/s with AP shells. This list does not include individual ships that were part of a class. Again, budgetary problems soomed the proposal and Francesco Caracciolo was scraped from late 1926 on, the other dismantled in their slip, and the machinery from Cristoforo Columbo recycled in the ocean liner Roma. Naval History Big Guns Model Ships Model Building Water Crafts Battleship World War Ii Scale Models Wwii. In 1932, however, Italy and Japan no longer felt bound to the clauses of the treaty and embarked in the study of a new battleship. The driving force behind it was Vice Admiral (Generale del Genio navale) Francesco Rotundi. After a naval review in the Bay of Naples for Hitler in 1938, their first action was on the Albanian coast in May 1939. Armored Deck 120 mm+ 50 mm 1 deck above. Her interwar modernization was mostly cosmetic: Starting in 1923, she had a tripod foremast installed to support a modern fire control system for the main artillery, and a catapult installed on the roof of Turret no. The fleet set sail on the 31st with three other battleships, ten cruisers and 31 destroyers to attempt to intercept the British convoy to North Africa without success (HATS operation). These specifications were really a basis for the development of the Littorio. The Littorio, an answer to the French Dunkerque which in turn, already answered the Deutschland class proceeded from a long reflection and ended eventually with an artillery solution that became mainstream by the 1940s. HOME. World War II (WWII), Italian Navy, Casualties. Progetto G was also supposed to carry sixteen 380 mm guns in four triple turrets and superfiring, quite a radical upgrade compared to the Carracciolo. Marco 66 pins • 48 volgers. Read more. Although the Axis had by then been cleared out of the Mediterranean, German forces having surrendered in Tunis that May, the ships played a significant part in the rest of the war. With his sister ship, these two vessels remained in service as a training ship until 1949. It was an extreme case designed to trigger discussion around the optimal battleship design. Battle damage of the Litorrio at tarento, 11 November 1940. BY DECADE. RN Francesco Caracciolo 1919 design Cassone’s large battlecruiser proposal, 1921, Italian Royal Navy’s battleship Vittorio Veneto, Littorio-class, outside Taranto in Summer 1941 [2048×1275] from WarshipPorn, Your email address will not be published. Italian naval construction was limited by the Washington Naval Conference. At the time that Italy declared war, the Regia Marina consisted of six capital ships. -Design B (middle) was a 21.650 tons project, 167m x 27m x 8,15m, 21,25 knots, same armor but 4×3 305 mm Cannons -Design C (right) was a 22.000 tons project, 178m x 27m x 8,15m, same speed, same armor and armament but different configuration. This battlecruiser concept went far enough to be materialized into a large yard model. Ships - Italian Navy. Due the duration and cost of the project, this reconstruction has been wildly criticized by some naval historians, as these rebuilt capital ships woould prove at posteriori inferior to British battleships they faced, the Queen Elizabeth class. Naval ships of Italy captured by Germany during World War II, World War II mine warfare vessels of Italy, Naval ships captured by Italy during World War II, Naval ships of Italy captured by the United Kingdom during World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:World_War_II_naval_ships_of_Italy&oldid=826727247, Military units and formations of Italy in World War II, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 February 2018, at 18:06. The ship was removed from the lists and bought back for the demolition in 1948, which took place this year, as well as the Italia, granted to the USA. And the Italians, seeing the path recoignised beforehand, followed suite with the Cesare class. Cassone in effect made two sketches, and their only visible difference revolved around their secondary artillery layout. If the economic situation would improve, perhaps the Dante would have been rebuilt anew in the late 1930s, but that seems far fetch. Place of Event. 10x 355mm (2×2, 2×3), 12 x135mm (4×3), 10 x90mm AA, 12x 37mm, 15x 20mm Breda AA. After repairs, the two ships tried to stop the convoys to Malta, without success. Same idea, with a what-if 1941 camo. 13.5"/30. On return, the Littorio was bombarded by a B-24 Liberator (without damage), then torpedoed by a Wellington. bulkheads and armed with 6×3 305mm, 16×1 120mm Casemated Guns. As of 2013 the navy maintains approximately 62 ships in commission (excluding minor auxiliary vessels). The surrender of the Italian fleet was a prominent condition of this agreement. But she survived. However there was still an obstacle before Mussolini could complete his dream of “Mare Nostrum”: The Royal Navy, willing to protect both the vital Suez canal, Gibraltar, and Malta in between, fought tooth and nails with the Mediterranean fleet, and both under masterful management by Andrew Cunningham on one side, best use of radar and naval air force, and a more timid command, the lack of radar, and absence of efficient coordination with the Regia Aeronautica decided of the Mediterranean theater: From November 1940 in Tarento, the Italian pearl Harbour, to Matapan, a decivive night fighting, and despite their quality, Italian battleships won’t prevail and ultimately succumb to …German flying bombs, early anti-ship “missiles” in November 1943. This would have allowed to stay within a 45,000 t. tonnage limit. Secondary artillery was no longer in barbettes, but in turrets, in all sixteen, and of 170 mm guns (7 in) and no longer 6 in. Designs were were presented by Ansaldo Yard (engineer Nabor Soliani) and by Orlando Yard (engineer Orlando) but also the Odero Yard (engineer Scribanti). However this proposal was quite ambitious and turned to be a radical reconstruction. Ocean going fleet units include; two aircraft carriers, three small 7,500 tonne amphibious assault ships, four destroyers, seven frigates and six attack submarines. This absolutely radical overhaul, unprecedented in naval history led by Vice-Admiral and General of Naval Engineering Francesco Rotundi included: -New engines and boilers, 2 new shafts, new propellers, new oil heated boilers, new funnels, new turbines for much increased performance. Naval Forces & Industry news Naval and Maritime Exhibitions News Focus - Analysis - Photo report Naval Forces Vessels & Equipmen... Data is revolutionizing the maritime industry, Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, Indian Navy deploys warhsips, divers to find missing pilot, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, PHOTO GALLERY #35: Bizhou, frigate of the People's Liberation Army Navy, 2 screws, 2 reduction turbines, 8 Yarrow boilers, 90 000 hp. The unfinished Impero served as a test target for the Germans, was then bombed by the US Air Force, then sent to Venice for demolition in 1948. WW2 Italian battleships Italy (1915-42) – 8 Battleships Italian Battleships during WW2 were few in numbers, just as French ones, due to the treaty of Washington signed in 1920. Like most of the signatories to the Treaty of Washington in 1922, Italy was found unable to complete her latest battleships already venturing into the “super dreadnought” type contemplated in 1916-1918. As the Italian industry would need to be ramped up and there was no time for this, requirements were lowered to an eight 381 mm guns battleship displacing a more reasonable 31,000 tons. Image (gif, jpg, tiff) Location of Archival Materials. Wars & Conflicts. There was a projected 50,000 tonnes “super littorio” planned by Ansaldo for the late 1940s. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. COUNTRIES. The Washington Naval Conference setup a new tonnage limit for the Regia Marina (61,000 metric tons), and the Francesco Caracciolo class was yet again planned to be converted as aicraft carriers. The hull was lenghtened with a new clipper bow section to have finer lines, the powerplant entirely rebuilt and modernized, partly to cope with a heavier hull (Cesare reached 28.24 knots (52.30 km/h; 32.50 mph) on post-reconstruction trials), the hull was enlarged by adding the fames Pugliese ASW system, revamped protection all around, rebored main guns with new mounts and turrets for better range and protection and no amidship turret, brand new fire constrol systems and telemeters, brand new superstructures, secondary and AA armament. This list also includes ships that were planned as a class but only one was completed. Notice her camouflage. During World War II, the Regia Marina (Royal Italian Navy) engaged Allied ships not only the Atlantic and Mediterranean, but also in seas off China, where the Italians had a base at Tiensin (now Tianjin), China. Experiences on models were conducted in La Spezia, at Freude tank, to find what was the best hull shaped. Veneto sailing out of Matapan, torpedoed. RN Litorrio on her part was completed on the 15 of May, reaching Tarentum. But the all-axial solution was nevertheless seductive in that no firepower was wasted in batteline broadside fire. This leaves quite a grasp of what the Italians could have produced of not budget constrained to a specific tonnage. Navy Communities. The Cavour and Cesare class, better protected and armed, seemed an all-more seductive proposition. Commissioned in 1927, the ship could carry as many as four large and 16 medium seaplanes and was primarily used as an experimental catapult ship for most of her career. The lack of armour was a presumably better speed, as the Carracciolo, and a massive firepower. Coast Artillery. Snyder & Short Enterprises continues to produce some amazing color references from their research. 381 mm/50 Model 1934. Explore. After the design was approved, RN Francisco Carraciolo was laid down on 16 October 1914 at Regio Cantiere di Castellammare di Stabia. And in 1931, it was known the French planned a new class of modern battleships, the Dunkerque class, trigerred by the German pocket battleships construction (the three Deutschland class). The Litorrio was struck by three bombs and renamed Italia after the fall of Mussolini. Both of these faction's navies would fight against each other until World War II ended in 1945. On the 12th the two vessels were sent to La Spezia to respond to Operation Torch. 12"/46 Model 1909. In August 1942, the Italian government requisitioned both ships, renamed Etna and Vesuvio. She would serve until 1928 and as it became apparent Italy could not longer afford to maintain her fleet, chosed to sent her in reserved, and then scrapping from July 1, 1928. However shell dispersion would have been a real issue. This made the unique RN Dante Aligheri quite original for the time, and the Ansaldo design prepared for the Russian Gangut was basically a close inspiration. This 1921 proposal was by far the most impressive and ambitious warship ever planned for the Regia Marina. They were part of the 1st Naval Division. The Veneto was also draped twice. The Cesare was launched in 1913 as a Dreadnought (single-caliber battleships). Italian Battleships during WW2 were few in numbers, just as French ones, due to the treaty of Washington signed in 1920. In the early years of the dreadnought, there were doubts about whether it was possible or not to have superimposed turrets. Thanks to a more advanced machinery rated for 130,000 hp and careful hydrodynamic studies, top speed was 30 knots (54 kph), much better than the rebuilt WW1 battleships of the Cesare/Doria class. The incomplete lead ship was sold on 25 October 1920 on auction to the Navigazione Generale Italiana shipping company, which planned to convert her as a merchant ship, but but she was evtenually mothballed in Baia Bay (Naples). Cavour in 1938, colorized by Irootoko Jr. Conte di Cavour underway before November 1940. The Littorio and the Veneto were admitted together in active service in August 1940 in the 9th Division, 1st Squadron. Given the links the Russian, and later Soviet navy maintained with Italian naval design, she was treated with respect. Destroyers. Along with its two sisters and numerous heavy cruisers, Roma (flagship of the squadron) was in … In the spring of 1942, the two vessels found themselves in action against the convoys of malta, coming from Alexandria and Gibraltar. The Veneto was thus struck by two bombs and was evacuated for repairs to Genoa and did not participate in anything before the armistice. Configuration was eight twin turrets plus twenty four dual-purpose rapid-fire 102 mm guns, completed by many 40 mm AA guns. What-if late 1930s modernization of the Dante Aligheri. Today. File Formats. There is a caveat, however. Howevr Italy was by then in a dire economic situation, and compared to the benefits of an Italian pacification campaign in Libya, this plan was dropped. Boats-Ships--Submarine; Document Type. Wikimedia Commons has media related to World War II naval ships of Italy. The supreme commander of the Italian armed forces and Minister of Marine was Benito Mussolini, but executive control was exercised by the Under-Secretary and Chief of Naval Staff (Supermarina) Admiral Domenico Cavagnari. The original article which detailed this proposal was published in Rivista Marittima in October, 1921. The AA was modernized by removing the old 3-in, replaced by two 40mm Vickers AA guns. Filter 1/1800 FN DD Le Hardi [1942] (x3) $ 8.33 by Tiny Thingamajigs. As a result, they had a sizeable firepower in chase, and this balanced configuration soon became the norm for super-dreadnoughts of the late interwar. Italian battleship Roma (1940) CG rendering of battleship Roma. The Littorio was built at the Adriatic yards in Trieste, launched on August 2, 1937. -Newly recast main cannons, rebored and relined from 305mm to 320mm, higher elevation and better range, redesigned turrets. Litorrio and Vittorio Veneto, illustrations by the author, Ansaldo design for a 57,000 tons “super littorio”. But the Regia Marina tried to maintain more than a parity with its Transalpine rival in the Mediterranean, its WW1 capital ships were completely modernized in a way few fleets did while its projected battleships were quite impressive, such as the Carracciolo and pre-treaty postwar projects that would have dwarved anything in the Mediterranean. There are a total of [ 9 ] Active Italian Navy Ships (2020) entries in the Military Factory. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! The squadron made another sortie to intercept a convoy to Malta on 29 September. As it was recoignised the current project for a new battleship was nowhere near by that time, Rotundi proposed to the admiralty a stopgap, or interim solution, modernizing the first two Cavour class battleships. From June 1940 to September 1943, the Navy lost one battleship and 13 cruisers, out of total losses of 339 ships of all types, and 24,660 men. In fact, Cavour was later escorted after refloating at Trieste for repairs, which were not completed when Italy surrendered in 1943. The final Italian design was nowhere near these protection figures, with at best 250 mm on the belt, 280 for the CT, but 22.8 knots, which was better than many BBs of the time. The Italia was hit at the prow and the battery, the Roma was completely destroyed by an impact in the ammunition hold. 320 mm/44 Model 1934. The initial project called for a 35,000 tons battleship capable of 28 knots, with fur triple turrets and twenty 152 mm guns in casemates. She was used as a training ship for the Black Sea when in 1955, at night, she was struck by a German drift mine dating from the war. I painted the stripes on all my ships, they add a nice touch of colour. It is believed the … Decks 135-166 mm, barbettes 130-280mm, belt 130-250mm, blockhaus 250mm. BY CONFLICT. Procione, Orsa-class TB – Italian navy photo via Wikipedia. The Armor was better than the Littorio, with circa 300 mm on the main belt, but moreover 150 mm for the armour deck and a conning tower with 350 mm walls. The Royal Italian Navy in World War II - A Gallant Struggle The Royal Italian Navy (Regia Marina) in World War II, the fifth largest in the world, was a formidable fighting force, at least on paper, and was designed for aggressive, offensive action. More information... More ideas for you Pinterest. The other option was a brand new unit in conformity of International agreements. Italian navy commanders in addition delayed the adoption of a policy for the interwar Regia Marina, between the traditional surface and decisive battle fleet camp, and a fleet composed of aircraft carriers, torpedo boats and submarines. -Two new masts, new gangway superstructure, new bridge, new rangefinders and optical instruments, radio and Wireless TF. RN Veneto was built at Genoa (Ansaldo Yards), launched on July 22, 1937, starting her tests in October 1939, delivered in April 1940 by then incomplete. The Littorio was the result of a ten-years genesis. MODERN FLEETS. See more. She was to displace 26,670 tons for an overall length of 215 m for a beam of 32 m. Top speed as specified was 30 knots. "Painters Guide to WW2 naval Camouflage" writes that the stripes were painted starting in July 1940, after the battle of Calabria (Punta Stilo for us Italians) since September 1943, on "many Italian ships". With the fall of France in June 1940 the French fleet was in principle left out of the equation, making on paper the Regia Marina, the dominant force in the Mediterranean. They were presented by General Ferrati, General Carpi and colonels Rota and Russo, Ferrati being the one who decided the best one. -40% of the old structure was affected from this overhaul. The construction of RN Littorio, the class leader started in 1934 along with RN Vitorrio Veneto, followed by RN Italia, Impero never completed. Their silhouette in particular was very different, but their armament, dimensions and tonnage were quite similar. This redesign incorporated the experience of the reconstruction of the previous battleships but also the studies undertaken for the construction of the battleships Rapids of the Litorrio class. Propulsion and performances: 2 shafts geared turbines, 8 Yarrow boilers, 75,000 hp, 27 knots, range 6,400 nautical miles Armor: Decks 135-166mm, barbettes 130-280mm, belt 130-250mm, CT 250mm. This reconstruction became the most extensive any battleship experienced at that time and was remarked by engineers and naval staffs around the world for the scope of modified elements in the process. It would have dwarved any other contemporary battleship and even put to shame those of WW2, with only perhaps the Yamato as a contender. The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total. 1/1800 IT CV Sparviero [1943] $ 11.61 by Tiny ... 1/3000 WW2 Italian Aircraft Carriers $ 29.57 by Tiny Thingamajigs. However for the Italians, the minds were set on a triple artillery solution early on, and having these massive turrets in superimposing position, as attractive the idea was, seemed far fetched. 8. They were all placed on deck level, even if this meant to be forced to reduce the overall armour thickness in order to cover a larger area, and to solve secondary armament barbettes placements, eight guns were in twin turrets, long before anyone else. The Veneto was then engaged in what would become the battle of Cape Matapan, together with the Guilio Cesare. In any case, the American, British and French navies had overwhelming superiority in the Pacific by 1944. Conte di Cavour and Andrea Doria (1915) Classes . Dante was at the same time, the first modernized Italian battleship of the interwar, and the least modified, as it was known her days were counted. This category has the following 10 subcategories, out of 10 total. More than 600 sailors perished, and it became the most serious Soviet maritime disaster. He hired the British cruisers, and underwent a HMS formidable bomber attack. They were the only one to use triple turrets, whereas the British, German, French, Americans and Japanese all capitalized in twin turrets. He weighed 4000 tons of water and managed to regain Taranto on 29 March. The modification points are the same as those of the previous class, with less width and draft, but the main difference concerned secondary armaments: -Four 135 mm triple turrets (front) -10 anti-aircraft guns (individual) long range 90mm single mounts guns -2 twin 37mm mounts, 2 single 20mm AA Breda -Final tonnage 29,391 tonnes (Duilio) and 28,882 tonnes (Doria). Topic. He also made a more classic layout with the Boilers and turbines places at the same level, this time with a displacement of 57,000 t and a lesser top speed. It was the seed of three vessels (Conte de Cavour class) put on hold in 1910 and launched in 1911, completed in 1913-1914. The Veneto escaped this attack and was transferred to Naples. 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