As such, equality is not always the same as justice. Steve Vale, HR Consultant, summarises its findings. Textphone: 0808 800 0084. Religion plays a vital role in shaping cultural, social, economic, and political norms in many parts of the world. Be just (‘idlu), for that is nearer to righteousness. This happens when someone treats you worse than another person in a similar situation because of your religion or belief. Alternatively, you can visit our advice and guidance page. See also Nazila Ghanea, Women and Religious Freedom: Synergies and Opportunities, US Commission on International Religious Freedom, 2017, for an … الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَجَعَلَ الظُّلُمَاتِ وَالنُّورَ ۖ ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِرَبِّهِمْ يَعْدِلُونَ. Background The prediction that secularism would sweep the world has been confounded in recent years as religion has left the place assigned to it (by theories of modernity) in the private sphere and thrust itself into the public arena. All praise is due to Allah, who created the heavens and the earth and made darkness and light. The Hindu woman is the best candidate at interview but he gives the job to the other woman because he thinks his clients (who are mainly Christian or have no religion or belief) will prefer it. However, if you are harassed or receive offensive treatment because of religion or belief outside the workplace this may be direct discrimination. What qualifies as a philosophical belief? There are some circumstances when being treated differently due to religion or belief is lawful, explained below. Such that if the address is conveyed in the male grammatical form, it is also addressed to women, except for specific topics whose specification is established by evidence. One basic element in the value system of Islam is the principle of equality or equity. The Equality Act 2010 says you must not be discriminated against because: In the Equality Act religion or belief can mean any religion, for example an organised religion like Christianity, Judaism, Islam or Buddhism, or a smaller religion like Rastafarianism or Paganism, as long as it has a clear structure and belief system. Al-Qurtubi comments on this verse, saying: أَيْ يَقُومُونَ بِالنَّفَقَةِ عَلَيْهِنَّ وَالذَّبِّ عَنْهُنَّ وَأَيْضًا فَإِنَّ فِيهِمُ الْحُكَّامَ وَالْأُمَرَاءَ وَمَنْ يَغْزُو وَلَيْسَ ذَلِكَ فِي النِّسَاءِ. Equity and equality, the difference between equity and equality is quite clear, but those who are not aware of the nuances of English language often confuse between these two words. Student Interactive Sessions; Power Point Presentation; Brain Storming Session; 6 Hrs. The standard 2.5% of surplus wealth to be given yearly in charity should be distributed to the poor and those whom scholars recognize as the most in need; it should not be given to the wealthy. Thus it is clear that though equality is a good thing and needs to be followed across genders and religions, there is a concept called equity which states that everyone has different needs and requirements and should be treated accordingly. Together in practice. Yes, the two words are similar, but the difference between them is crucial. There is a common misconception that equity and equality mean the same thing — and that they can be used interchangeably, especially when talking about education. For example: Harassment in the workplace occurs when someone makes you feel humiliated, offended or degraded. Our standards of justice should be the same for everyone, regardless of social status, race, religion, ethnicity, gender, and so on. What the Equality Act says about religion or belief discrimination. Their Lord responded to them: Never will I cause to be lost the deeds of any among you, whether male or female; you are of one another. 2. In jurisprudence, it is affirmation of the analogy and equivalence in rulings, equal by equal. Many times, an equal distribution is an equitable distribution and therefore it produces justice. وَفِي أَمْوَالِهِمْ حَقٌّ لِّلسَّائِلِ وَالْمَحْرُومِ. Under this law, employers are required to accommodate their employees’ religious observances or practices unless doing so would cause a “unique hardship to the conduct of the employer's business.” Educational equity is about fairness. So please, don’t talk about equality when you really mean equity. The difference is not very large but is based upon the fact that not everyone has been created equally by the almighty and has requirements different from others. Harsh insults and profanity allowed in Islam? O you who have faith, stand firm for Allah as witnesses in equity (qist), and let not the hatred of people cause you to not be just. The differences between equity and equality can be drawn clearly on the following grounds. promoting equity, equality, fairness and social justice in society at large, and to help schools to be caring and inclusive learning places in which students see and experience equality and social justice in their daily life. For example: The Equality Act says that a philosophical belief must be genuinely held and more than an opinion. SUBMITTED BY: INDU NATH JHA Sem- 3 2. وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتُ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ. Differentiate between equity and equality; To cover Gender and Patriarchy, Gender Bias, Gender Stereotyping, Equity and Equality in relation with Caste, Class, Religion, Ethnicity, Disability and Region. The Equality Act also covers non-belief or a lack of religion or belief. His employer has a policy that no headgear can be worn and staff must use hair nets. The terms equity and equality are sometimes used interchangeably, which can lead to confusion because while these concepts are related, there are also important distinctions between them. This is when you are treated differently because of your religion or belief, or lack of religion or belief, in one of the situations covered by the Equality Act. Forty Hadith al-Nawawi in English and Arabic, Forty Hadith on Purification of the Heart. For example: Indirect discrimination happens when an organisation has a particular policy or way of working that applies to everyone but which puts you at a disadvantage because of your religion or belief. Yet those who disbelieve claim equals (ya’dilun) with their Lord. The rules about Harassment don’t apply outside the workplace. In general, equality and equity are the same and can be used interchangeably as they are in the Quran. closed on Sundays and Bank Holidays. For example: A difference in treatment may be lawful in employment situations if: A difference in treatment may be lawful in situations outside the workplace such as if: If you believe you have been discriminated against you can check in one of our codes of practice to see whether any other exceptions apply. For example: This is when you are treated badly because you have made a complaint of religion or belief related discrimination under the Equality Act. If you think you might have been treated unfairly and want further advice, you can contact the Equality Advisory and Support Service. The We should not be biased toward our own groups, or even our own selves, in the administration of justice. We value the diversity of the people on our register and we have to ensure our processes are fair and accessible to them all. For example: However because that human right is a qualified right an employer can prevent you from wearing particular articles of clothing or symbols if it is necessary for the role you are doing. Very little research has investigated bullying based on religious differences. Also available through the website are BSL interpretation, web chat services and a contact us form. Islam teaches that in the sight of Allah Almighty, all people are equal, but they are not necessarily identical. Harassment can never be justified. Religion itself can also be a driver of the trend toward gender equality. For example: The Equality Act also says that a belief must also be worthy of respect in a democratic society and not affect other people’s fundamental rights. The truth of this matter becomes clear when seen in relation to the obligatory alms (al-Zakat). You are as if part of one another, meaning the male is from the female by opposite. For example, a Humanist organisation which promotes Humanist principles and beliefs could specify that their Chief Executive must be a Humanist. Different types of religion or belief discrimination, Circumstances when being treated differently due to religion or belief is lawful. The ‘favor’ of men over women refers to the physical strength of men, which is on average much greater than women and which enables men to better perform the hard physical labor and military duties necessary for political and economic security. For example: There are four main types of religion or belief discrimination. There are two words for justice in Islam: al-‘Adl, which comes from the root meaning “to be equal,” and al-Qist, which comes from the root meaning “to distribute.” In English, these terms correlate to equality and equity, and they reflect different but complementary notions of justice. The rationale for policies that promote equity is that economic and social class advantages tend to accumulate and self-perpetuate. In the Equality Act religion or belief can mean any religion, for example an organised religion like Christianity, Judaism, Islam or Buddhism, or a smaller religion like Rastafarianism or Paganism, as long as it has a clear structure and belief system. For instance, men have historically been the heads of their households because they were responsible for attaining security and income for their families. Equality and human rights training supports personal development for staff, effective staff performance in relation to equality and human rights, good staff working relationships, and a workplace culture that appreciates, ... age, disability, sexual orientation, race, religion and membership of … or traditional gender roles. O you who have faith, stand firm in equity (qist) as witnesses for Allah, even if it were against yourselves, or your parents, or your relatives. Again, a superficial reading might mislead some people into thinking this arrangement is unjust because it is unequal. In these types of bullying situations, the act may have more to do with negative attitudes and stereotypes about how someone expresses their beliefs and have less to do beliefs themselves. Equality, diversity and inclusion. Unlawful discrimination would be things like: refusing to admit a child to as school as a pupil because of their race ; discouraging a female student from undertaking a course in Engineering That means you have the right to wear particular articles of clothing or symbols to show that you have a particular religion or belief at your workplace, even if other people of your religion don’t. The Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) has produced a report, Religion or Belief: Is the Law Working?, which reviews whether the current law effectively protects the rights of employees, service providers and service users in relation to religion or belief and makes recommendations for changes. But the inequality of the arrangement is counter-balanced by the added responsibility of the male to provide income for his family; thus, the distribution is unequal but equitable. Non-discrimination is an integral part of the principle of equality. There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is His Messenger, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window). Likewise, among men are rulers, commanders, and those who wage military campaigns; it is not like that among women. Every time he goes in, one of the staff makes comments about him being a terrorist. The believing men and women are allies of one another. The Quran uses these two words together to make this point. يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ بِالْقِسْطِ شُهَدَاءَ لِلَّهِ وَلَوْ عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَوِ الْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالْأَقْرَبِينَ ۚ إِن يَكُنْ غَنِيًّا أَوْ فَقِيرًا فَاللَّهُ أَوْلَىٰ بِهِمَا ۖ فَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا الْهَوَىٰ أَن تَعْدِلُوا ۚ وَإِن تَلْوُوا أَوْ تُعْرِضُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرًا. a faith school is using religious criteria to give priority in admissions to children from a particular religion. Certainly, people are equal in Islam regarding their right to life, property, and human dignity, regardless of their religion… Social justice, equity, respect and dignity are basic rights for all individuals, regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, culture, religion, age … Men are guardians over women by what Allah has favored some over others and by what they spend of their wealth. Heiner Bielefeldt: Interim report of the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief (Focus: Freedom of religion or belief and equality between men and women), Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, 2013, p.22. Allah Almighty has made clear in his law (shari’ah) that the objective is the establishment of justice between His servants and equity among the people, so whichever path leads to justice and equity is part of the religion and can never oppose it. These two verses are the foundation of the concept of justice in Islam. But understanding the distinction between the two is essential for resolving issues faced by disadvantaged students in the classroom. Equity and equality are important for student success in different ways. Usually by saying equality they mean all people are equal in basic rights, duties, and dignity, that our justice systems should be fair, impartial, and unbiased. This page explains some key aspects of the Equality Act 2010 as they apply to voluntary organisations. This is direct discrimination because of religion or belief, you are Jewish and you finish early on Fridays in order to observe the Sabbath. And in their properties is a right for the needy and deprived. Religion and Gender Equality— The State of Play The relationship between religion and gender equality is a complex one. Equality is more commonly associated with social issues, perhaps because more people know what it means. His saying that women are counterparts of men means their equals and their likeness in creation and nature, as if they split off from men. The problem Muslims are experiencing in the modern day is that traditional gender roles and economic arrangements have been severely disrupted by modernity. EQUALITY IN RELATION TO ROE V WADE RUTH BADER GINSBURGt The 1973 United States Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade sparked a legal and political controversy that continues to this day. In the name of Allah, the Gracious, the Merciful. Equity , as we have seen, involves trying to understand and give people what they need to enjoy full, healthy lives. What is religion or belief discrimination? Aisha reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: Verily, women are the counterparts of men. In our times, it is becoming less clear to people how equality and equity relate to gender issues in Islam. Your manager has changed the weekly team meetings from Wednesday afternoons to Friday afternoons and you are therefore often absent, some people wear a crucifix to show they are Christians, but not all Christians do, a teacher is asked to stop wearing a floor length garment because it is a trip hazard. In a nutsh… and discrimination from a equality perspective assumes ‘sameness’ (for eg., making a particular position open to everybody to apply). Benefits of the Sunan of Adhan, call to prayer, The Prophet’s wondrous dream of the Hereafter, Al-Mundhiri on remembrance of Allah and supplication, Showing love and affection to unbelievers, Al-Mundhiri on the five obligatory prayers, Al-Mundhiri on fasting from evil words and deeds. Superficial reading might mislead some people into thinking this arrangement is not equal, it! الْكَافِرِ لَا يَمْنَعُ مِنَ الْعَدْلِ عَلَيْهِ الرِّجَالُ قَوَّامُونَ عَلَى النِّسَاءِ بِمَا فَضَّلَ اللَّهُ بَعْضَهُمْ بَعْضٍ! With additional guidance أَنَّ كُفْرَ الْكَافِرِ لَا يَمْنَعُ مِنَ الْعَدْلِ عَلَيْهِ supervisor because she wears a hijab Circumstances! Trying to understand and give people what they need to enjoy full, healthy.! Basic element in the difference between them is crucial grounds may also be a Humanist services and contact... Feel humiliated, offended or degraded praise is due to religion or belief –. Be defined as the quality of treating individuals fairly based on their needs and.... 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